Tuesday , 21 February 2017
Latest Amazigh News

The Amazigh Cave Homes of Matmata in Tunisia

Matmata and other desert settlements in Tunisia have wonderful underground homes built by the ancient Amazigh people of Matmata — a small Berber speaking town in southern Tunisia—to avoid the intense heat and strong desert winds. The homes are made by digging a large pit some 7m (23ft) deep and 10m (33ft) wide and then, around the sides of the pit, tunnelling in a few meters before cutting artificial caves.

Matmata, and a handful of similar towns across Tunisia, is situated on a shelf of sandstone that is soft enough to excavate with hand tools, but sturdy enough to provide homes for centuries. The homes are grouped around a central courtyard and connected to other courtyards with more rooms forming an underground labyrinth.
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